Electricity Rates

Canadians from coast to coast to coast pay a different price on their electricity bill. Why?


There are a number of factors that determine the price Canadians pay for electricity.

Mix of generation sources

Each province has its own mix of renewable and non-renewable electricity sources. The combination of these sources, for example, hydro, natural gas, solar, is unique to each region and has an influence over the price of electricity.

Infrastructure maintenance and renewal

Infrastructure and equipment has to be maintained, for example, downed power lines and poles caused by storms, to avoid power outages.

The age of the infrastructure will also have an effect on cost, but this isn’t always negative. If an existing asset is producing electricity long after its capital costs are paid off, it can have a positive impact on price.


The price of electricity is influenced by fixed and variable costs. The price of building transmission wires would be an example of a fixed cost, while the price of the fuel used for generation is variable.

Geography of the region

The distance electricity has to travel over the transmission and distribution system from the generation source to the customer can influence the final price.

Access to natural resources and generation facilities determine the cost of electricity, alongside overall population density. Often in remote areas, more infrastructure is required to deliver electricity from the generation source to homes, businesses, and communities with the cost shared among fewer customers.

Data Source: World Energy Statistics 2020, IEA
Data Retrieved:
July 2021; Visual Created by the Canadian Electricity Association

Some of the best rates in the world

Canada’s access to renewable natural resources allows for some of the lowest residential electricity prices in the world. This provides the opportunity for more freedom and flexibility in their budgets than similar countries like the United Kingdom and the United States.

Investing in our future

Although Canada’s current electrical system was designed to power a much smaller population, today it’s working double time to reach over 35 million people, along with all of their personal devices and home electronics. In order to support its growing population and the use of modern day electronics, Canada will need to invest more than $350 billion into the system over the next 20 years — that’s $15 billion each year.